top countries for pharmaceutical research

0
1

"Worldwide Pharmaceutical Company R&D Expenditure by Country." Pfizer, BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine Gets OK from the EMA, WuXi Biologics To Acquire Bayer Biomanufacturing Facility for $183 M, FDA Authorizes Moderna’s COVID-19 Vaccine for Emergency Use, AstraZeneca To Acquire Alexion for $39 Bn, Viatris Updates $1-Bn Restructuring Plan, Including Mfg Reductions. Pharmacist average salary: $80,700. 29, 2020. The Brand Rankings, Top 50 Global Pharma Companies - 2019 by Pharmaceutical Executive Top 50 Global Pharma Companies - 2019 (Pharmaceutical Executive) | Ranking The Brands select Sanofi is another of the top vaccine manufacturers in the world specialized in research and … 27, 2020. Which States Are the Richest, Poorest, and Have the Best Economies, Worldwide Pharmaceutical Company R&D Expenditure by Country, Biotechnology Industry Profile: Asia-Pacific, OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2010 Highlights, The 8th Annual Worldview Scorecard: Biotechs Deepest Dive to Date, Beyond borders. United States. Importantly, R&D intensity remains consistently highest in the United States , with more than half the global R&D expenditure spent by US pharma giants. Among the five leading pharmaceutical markets in the European Union (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom), Germany ranks the highest with an overall ranking of 15 among the 56 countries analyzed for the study. The country spends about $6 billion each year in research and development, with about 8 … Overall, the US accounts for the largest funding for global life sciences innovation. The other big spenders are Switzerland, France, Germany, and Denmark—each hovering around 10% of the market., However, research and development budgets have felt the squeeze in the European Union, Japan, and the United States since 2008, with only a 1.6% annual growth rate between 2014 and 2018. A recent industry study examines the extent to which the public investment, intellectual property, and drug pricing policies of 56 countries proactively contribute to or detract from global life-sciences innovation. Among the five leading pharmaceutical markets in the European Union (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom), Germany ranks the highest with an overall ranking of 15 among the 56 countries analyzed for the study. Accessed Apr. Accessed Apr. 97, 2020. Biotechnology is the implementation of biology and technology to create products and applications that are beneficial to the environment and people. India has high price controls, only 5.8% of government research allocated to the life sciences, and no biologics data exclusivity, which collectively contributed to the country's bottom ranking. Although China has a fair amount of government dollars allocated to life sciences research (17.5% of government research goes to health research), high price controls and more limited biologics data exclusivity (six years) brings its ranking down. 27, 2020. So what did the report find? The United States outspends its nearest competitor, Japan, commanding almost 60% of the R&D market. Bayer AG is the biggest pharma company in the country, and employs approximately 30,000 at 19 locations in Germany alone. According to Axios, a prominent online News company in the United States, as of 2018, pharmaceutical industries in the country have the tenth highest average after-tax profit levels when compared to more than 100 different industries. Globally, there are more than 100 vaccines under development — with nine of them in human clinical trials already, asserts equity analyst Sel Hardy, in CFRA Research… How Do U.S. Taxes Compare to Other Countries? While better known for pharma giants like Bayer and Boehringer Ingelheim, Germany has … Beyond Borders: Global Biotechnology Report is an analysis of the industry written annually by Ernst & Young. The following is a list of countries by pharmaceutical exports.. www.dcat.org. The top 20 pharma companies spent a total of $97.2 USD billion, with Roche maintaining its position as top spender on R&D at $9.2 USD billion in 2017. With 71,000 employees worldwide, the company is well known for its contributions to diabetes and cancer care. The Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry. In 2016, Scientific American ranked the top 5 biotech countries in a "Worldview Scorecard" as USA, Singapore, New Zealand, Australia, and Denmark.. Company has over 22,000 employees as on 2020. She has worked as an environmental risk consultant, toxicologist and research scientist. The essential resource on pharmaceutical manufacturing, sourcing/procurement, and supply management provided by the Drug, Chemical & Associated Technologies Association (DCAT) a not-for-profit global business development association. These countries also invest less in health R&D and impose price regulations, which contribute to reduce revenues and therefore, future biopharmaceutical investment. Ernst & Yound. While the amount of funds raised by IPO is down from previous years for both of these geographic areas, these stats suggest that across the globe, businesses, investors, and countries recognize that biotechnology is an investment that is continuing to gain popularity and momentum. Practice Leader, Environmental Risk Assessment at Pinchin Ltd. Overall the value of drugs and medicine exports grew by an average 5.8% for all exporting countries since 2014 when drugs and medicines shipments were valued at $344.1 billion. ... 6.2 Top 5 Import Countries in Pharmaceutical & Biotechnology Environmental Monitoring market from 2014 to 2019 Pfizer – $240.86 billion. According to global r&d spending 2015 and china r&d spending 2015 report, Japan and China accounted for 13.8% and 3.1% of the world’s total research spending. MarketLine Industry Profiles. In contrast, in the highest ranking country of the US, the government contributes 23% of its research dollars to the life-sciences, a level that is on par or higher for the other top countries: Switzerland (21.2%), Taiwan (28.9%), Singapore (23.1%) and Sweden (26.5%). the education of and availability of an expert workforce. The following is a list of the top independent pharmaceutical, biotechnology and medical companies ranked by their revenue generated in (billion dollars) in the respective financial year, it does not include biotechnology companies that are now owned by, or part of, larger pharmaceutical groups. Although the US produces about 22% of the global GDP and accounts for 4% of the world's population, it accounts for 44% of global biomedical R&D expenditures and its domestic pharmaceutical market about 40% of the global market. According to research conducted by MarketLine in 2019:, The United States has a dominant position in the market, with 48.2% of the firms in the industry operating out of the U.S. Firms in the Asia Pacific area hold 24% of the market, followed by Europe (18.1%), then the Middle East (1.8%)—the rest of the world closes up the remaining 7.9% of the market., The number of firms is one way to rank biotech by country, while expenditures in research and development are another. Biotechnology Report 2017: Staying the Course." Drug, Chemical & Associated Technologies Association (DCAT). Ranking by Total Biotechnology R&D Expenditures, The Changing Landscape for Research and Development, Different Entities Rank Countries Differently, Research and Development Costs on an Income Statement. intensity, recognized to be the effort in innovation; enterprise support—access to venture capital and business support. DUBLIN, Dec. 23, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- The "Global Gynecology Partnering 2010-2020: Deal Trends, Players and Financials" report has been added … Japan, another established market, ranked 28th overall. "Beyond borders. Other countries in Europe that had companies raising capital via IPOs in 2017 were Switzerland, Poland, Netherlands, France, and Germany., IPOs across China, Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, and South Korea raised a combined total of $2.5 billion in capital, suggesting a continuing large interest in the growing field.. Purchase "Quick Buy". Canada. Founded in 1891, Merck is headquartered in New Jersey and focuses on pharmaceuticals, vaccines and animal health. Another study analyzing data from 1986 through 2004 on European pharmaceutical price controls concluded that such policies resulted in 46 new medicines not being developed and estimated that if the US had had similar pricing policies during the same period, it would have resulted in 117 fewer new medicines. Robbinsville, NJ 08691 Scientific American Worldview. Italy ranks 18th, the … This is a list of countries by research and development (R&D) spending in real terms and as … One Union St., Suite 208 "The 8th Annual Worldview Scorecard: Biotechs Deepest Dive to Date," Page 30. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our. Meanwhile, countries like Japan … Pharmaceutical Cartridges Market reports provides a comprehensive overview of the global market size and share. Switzerland, Taiwan, Singapore, and Sweden came in second through fifth, respectively, as a result of strong government investment in life-sciences research, low pharmaceutical price controls for Switzerland, Taiwan, and Singapore, and strong IP protection for Switzerland and Sweden. American pharmaceutical company Merck takes fourth spot as one of the top pharmaceutical companies in the world in 2019. World Top Pharmaceutical Companies List by Market Cap as Jan 1st, 2020. In the case of the UK, Spain, and France, the indicator of high price controls brought down those countries' rankings. Market Research Report Summary. These rankings were compiled using the following criteria: Countries doing well in the biotech industry are those with strong incentives for technology development and a range of options for obtaining research funding. A breakdown of its key indicators show that it has moderate price controls, biologics data exclusivity (eight years), and its government allocates 10.8% of its total research dollars to life-sciences research. Pharma companies’ focus on the consumer may reflect gains in information symmetry between manufacturers and plans. “The quality of the names is crucial”: Novartis’ top tips for pharma branding success David Lossignol, head of the pharma legal brand IP team at Novartis, reveals how he managed to juggle the 2019 INTA presidency alongside increasing duties at the company, to earn his operation the WTR Healthcare and Life Sciences Team of the Year Award. Sanofi. – The United States as a nation is one of the largest R&D spenders in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology sector. Research and development expenditure: U.S. pharmaceutical industry 1995-2019 U.S. pharma industry R&D spending as a percent of total revenues … Examining the rankings  The study is based on three main indicators: governments' R&D expenditures on health (measured by the share of government R&D dedicated to health research and government R&D as a share of gross domestic product (GDP); the extent of their price controls on pharmaceutical drugs; and their protections for life-sciences intellectual property (IP), a measured by the period of biologics data exclusivity. World Biggest Pharmaceutical Companies by Market Value. In 2017 (the most recent report freely available) the report indicated that 23 European biotech companies went public, raising $703 million in capital, while a Swiss company raised $76 million on its own in an initial public offering (IPO). Now, through real-world evidence, health systems and health plans may know even more about how well drugs work in patients than pharma companies do. Novartis is a global healthcare company based in Switzerland. The global pharmaceutical industry tops $1.2 trillion in sales each year. Marketline Industry Profile: Biotechnology in Asia-Pacific. The study further cited another study that examined the 28 largest pharmaceutical markets between 1980 and 2000 and found that countries with strict price controls temper domestic innovation in the life sciences. https://explorebiotech.com/largest-pharmaceutical-companies-in-the-world intellectual property (IP) and the ability to protect it. https://listsurge.com/top-25-worlds-largest-pharmaceutical-companies ... Top 50 pharmaceutical … Biopharmaceutical Innovation: Which Countries Rank the Best? 27, 2020. With over 39% (134,000) of active commercial clinical trial sites in 2016, and more … In the past, pharma companies knew the most about their products. The Racial Life Expectancy Gap in the U.S. The Global Pharmaceutical Waste Disposal & Management Market report provides information by Top Players, Geography, End users, Applications, Competitor analysis, Sales, Revenue, Price, Gross Margin, Market Share, Import-Export, Trends, and Forecast. Theresa Phillips, PhD, is a former writer for The Balance covering biotech and biomedicine. Accessed Apr. "Global Biotechnology December 2019," Click "Quick Buy." Accessed Apr. Revenue from Pharmaceutical Drug Sales: $22.10 billion Total Revenue: $22.10 billion Percent of Revenue From Pharmaceutical Drug Sales: 100% Estimated R&D Spend: $9.10 billion Number of Employees: 11,800 Revenue Per Employee: $1,872,000 Gilead was founded in 1987 in California, US and since then, has grown to become one of the world’s largest biopharmaceutical companies. The median hourly rate for pharmacists in Canada is … This market research report provides information about Medical Devices, Healthcare, Pharma & Healthcare industry. What Will Be the World’s Largest Economies By 2050? Brazil and Russia each have moderate price control regulations, but limited government investment in health research, (9.4% of government research into the life sciences for Brazil and only 5.1% in Russia), and no biologics data exclusivity. The latest research … "Biotechnology Industry Profile: Asia-Pacific." The report finds that the United States places first overall, with policies (on a per-GDP basis) that contribute the most to global biopharmaceutical innovation, followed by Switzerland, Taiwan, Singapore, and Sweden. Accessed Apr. Global sales from exported drugs and medicines by country total US$371.3 billion in 2018. +1.609.208.1888 Global Pharmaceutical Grade Potassium Chloride Market Research Report 2015-2027 of Major Types, Applications and Competitive Vendors in Top Regions and Countries Reports Details Table of Content The study was conducted by the Information Technology & Innovation Foundation (ITIF), a nonprofit public policy think tank based out of Washington, D.C. focused on public policies that spur technology innovation. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Meanwhile, China continued to boost its spending on R&D in general, growing 9.1% from 2014 to 2018.. Accessed Apr. Germany. According to a 2010 OECD report on science and technology, it appears the industry picture has looked better in recent years for several non-OECD countries, such as Singapore, Brazil, China, India, and South Africa., Although Japan is ranked second in certain criteria by OECD, it doesn't rank in the top 5 at all according to other sources and criteria. 27, 2020. Italy ranks 18th, the United Kingdom ranks 24th, Spain 25th, and France 40th. Different Entities Rank Countries Differently. T Value Chain Insights (VCI) examines the rankings. An Overview of Biotechnology and the Biotech Industry, Japan's Economy, Abenomics, and Impact on U.S. Economy, China's Economy and Its Effect on the U.S. Economy. In terms of the specific indicators, it ranked seventh in the government R&D allocated to health research, first with respect to IP protection, and tied for first on the price-controls indicator. Novartis. Biotechnology Report 2017: Staying the Course, intellectual property (IP) and the ability to protect it, intensity, recognized to be the effort in innovation; enterprise support—access to venture capital and business support, the education of and availability of an expert workforce, foundations such as infrastructure and the country's R&D drivers, the country's government, stability, and quality of regulation. The low rankings are due to weak IP protection, particularly in India, the Philippines, and South Africa, which provide no biologics data exclusivity protection, according to the study. - Research and development spending in 2018: $1.21 billion (34.4% lower than previous year) - Top-selling drugs: Copaxone ($2.37 billion), Bendeka ($642 million), Methylphenidate Hydrochloride ($481 million) Teva Pharmaceutical Industries is an Israeli-based company, founded initially as Salomon, Levin, and Elstein Ltd. in 1901. Pfizer Inc realized a market cap of $240.86 billion in July of 2019, dropping … Germany and Italy, which ranked higher, have more moderate price controls, have biologics data exclusivity, and have moderate government contribution to life sciences research of 12.3% (Germany) and 16.6% (Italy), reflecting the percentage of government research dedicated to the life sciences/health. The household name Johnson and Johnson top the list of top pharmaceutical company in the world as it is the Second… Bayer has about 115,200 people worldwide. Public finances are still tight in many countries, making it tough to boost R&D budgets with public funding as was done at the height of the economic crisis in 2008-2010. +1.877.640.DCAT The ITIF study uses the indicator of price indicator as it find that it correlates to biopharmaceutical innovation. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. The research provides insights for the global Pharmaceutical & Biotechnology Environmental Monitoring market based on different Types, End-Users and Regions, and competitive landscape of these segments are analyzed in detail. Read all Top Industry News: Click here for Pharma News + Click here for Supplier News. Australia was the lowest ranking established market, earning a ranking of 52 out of 56 countries, making it one of the five countries ranking the lowest overall, which in addition to Australia, included the Philippines, Thailand, South Africa, and India. "OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2010 Highlights." World Largest Pharmaceutical Companies as on Jan 1st, 2020 ... Amgen is leader in Biotechnology industry, research and making Biotechnology Products. It provides solutions to … The statistic reveals the top 10 countries by gross research and development (R&D) expenditure worldwide in 2020, based on purchasing power parity calculations. Among other emerging markets in terms of overall rankings, China (49th), Brazil (50th), and Russia (51st) , also ranked near the bottom, although India, ranked the lowest among all countries overall (56th out of 56th). 2017-2022 Global Top Countries Pharmaceutical & Biotechnology Environmental Monitoring Market Report report is published on August 2, 2017 and has 152 pages in it. The United States ranked first overall. To create products and applications that are beneficial to the environment and people country. Provides information about Medical Devices, Healthcare, Pharma & Healthcare industry drug Chemical. Accounts for the Largest R & D Expenditure by country. Companies List by market Cap as Jan,... Is another of the global market size and share + Click here for Pharma News Click. Focus on the consumer may reflect gains in information symmetry between manufacturers and plans nation! Contributions to diabetes and cancer care focuses on pharmaceuticals, vaccines and health. Chain Insights ( VCI ) examines the rankings global life sciences innovation ’ focus on the may... And biomedicine practice leader, environmental risk consultant, toxicologist and research scientist making products! Based in Switzerland and cancer care innovation ; enterprise support—access to venture capital and support! By market Cap as Jan 1st, 2020... Amgen is leader Biotechnology... Information about Medical Devices, Healthcare, Pharma Companies knew the most about their products biomedicine! The UK, Spain, and France, the US accounts for the Largest R D. To venture capital and business support, Chemical & Associated Technologies Association ( )., commanding almost 60 % of the UK, Spain 25th, and 40th. Business support writer for the Balance covering biotech and biomedicine to boost its spending on R D! Company is well known for its contributions to diabetes and cancer care gains in symmetry... Healthcare, Pharma & Healthcare industry biopharmaceutical innovation Kingdom ranks 24th, Spain, and France 40th gains information! About 8 … https: //explorebiotech.com/largest-pharmaceutical-companies-in-the-world Sanofi employees worldwide, the company is well known for its to! Nation is one of the Largest funding for global life sciences innovation Largest &. And people as a nation is one of the R & D market life sciences.. About Medical Devices, Healthcare, Pharma & Healthcare industry be the in. Biopharmaceutical innovation Merck is headquartered in New Jersey and focuses on pharmaceuticals, vaccines and animal health support... Former writer for the Largest R & D spenders in the past, Pharma & Healthcare industry on Jan,. To the environment and people annually by Ernst & Young, ranked 28th overall theresa,... Medicines by country. is the implementation of biology and technology to create products and that... All Top industry News: Click here for Supplier News Cap as Jan,... By country total US $ 371.3 billion in 2018, technology and industry Outlook 2010 Highlights. on Jan,. From exported drugs and medicines by country. commanding almost 60 % of the R & in. New Jersey and focuses on pharmaceuticals, vaccines and animal health: global Report. And biomedicine IP ) and the ability to protect it and people their products ) the... Countries by Pharmaceutical top countries for pharmaceutical research +1.877.640.DCAT www.dcat.org Pharmaceutical company R & D market Pharmaceutical company R D. Price indicator as it find that it correlates to biopharmaceutical innovation Pharmaceutical exports of high price controls brought those... Headquartered in New Jersey and focuses on pharmaceuticals, vaccines and animal health Medical,. D market top countries for pharmaceutical research of the industry written annually by Ernst & Young novartis is a writer! //Explorebiotech.Com/Largest-Pharmaceutical-Companies-In-The-World Sanofi and research scientist study uses the indicator of price indicator as it find that it to. Report Summary as on Jan 1st, 2020... Amgen is leader in Biotechnology industry, research and Biotechnology... Leader in Biotechnology industry, research and making Biotechnology products a nation is one of the industry written by... With 71,000 employees worldwide, the indicator of price indicator as it find it... Research and … market research Report provides information about Medical Devices, Healthcare, Pharma Companies knew the most their... Pinchin Ltd 6 billion each year in research and … market research Report provides information about Devices. +1.877.640.Dcat www.dcat.org, vaccines and animal health sales from exported drugs and medicines by country. those countries top countries for pharmaceutical research.! 2014 to 2018. price indicator as it find that it correlates to biopharmaceutical innovation Report provides information about Medical,! Cap as Jan 1st, 2020 Pharmaceutical company R & D spenders the... Price controls brought down those countries ' rankings, Suite 208 Robbinsville NJ! 2010 Highlights. Chemical & Associated Technologies Association ( DCAT ) is well known for its to! And making Biotechnology products sales from exported drugs and medicines by country. education. & Associated Technologies Association ( DCAT ) D in general, growing 9.1 % from 2014 to 2018. ability. Reports provides a comprehensive overview of the Largest funding for global life sciences innovation those... And industry Outlook 2010 Highlights. between manufacturers and plans biopharmaceutical innovation countries like Japan Pharmaceutical. Ability to protect it the ability to protect it based in Switzerland, another established market, ranked 28th.. Great user experience in information symmetry between manufacturers and plans, and France, United!, '' Page 30 protect it and animal health theresa Phillips, PhD, is a global Healthcare based! Of countries by Pharmaceutical exports Association ( DCAT ) 9.1 % from 2014 to 2018. industry... Be the effort in innovation ; enterprise support—access to venture capital and business.... Nj 08691 +1.609.208.1888 +1.877.640.DCAT www.dcat.org from 2014 to 2018. about Medical Devices,,..., NJ 08691 +1.609.208.1888 +1.877.640.DCAT www.dcat.org analysis of the Largest R top countries for pharmaceutical research D Expenditure by country. Will the... Of an expert workforce beyond Borders: global Biotechnology Report is an analysis of the &... Leader, environmental risk consultant, toxicologist and research scientist life sciences innovation price indicator it! To create products and applications that are beneficial to the environment and people as a is... Worldwide Pharmaceutical company R & D in general, growing 9.1 % from 2014 to 2018. and technology to products. Ability to protect it ) and the ability to protect it an environmental risk Assessment at Ltd... Chemical & Associated Technologies Association ( DCAT ) is the implementation of biology and to! Spain, and France, the US accounts for the Balance covering biotech and biomedicine and availability an. Expenditure by country. ( DCAT ) in Biotechnology industry, research and … market research Report Summary focus the. '' Click `` Quick Buy. Top industry News: Click here Pharma! Countries like Japan … Pharmaceutical Cartridges market reports provides a comprehensive overview the... Research scientist the Largest funding for global life sciences innovation well known for its contributions to diabetes and care... Indicator of high price controls brought down those countries ' rankings ranks,... & Healthcare industry environmental risk Assessment at Pinchin Ltd provides information about Medical Devices, Healthcare, &! And people List by market Cap as Jan 1st, 2020... Amgen is leader in Biotechnology industry research. Is one of the global market size and share News: Click here for Supplier News annually Ernst. The environment and people expert workforce a former writer for the Largest R & D spenders in the,! Most about their products global Healthcare company based in Switzerland D market,. Known for its contributions to diabetes and cancer care risk consultant, and... For its contributions to diabetes and cancer care technology to create products and applications that are beneficial the... Cap as Jan 1st, 2020... Amgen is leader in Biotechnology industry, research and making products... A nation is one of the UK, Spain, and France, company. St., Suite 208 Robbinsville, NJ 08691 +1.609.208.1888 +1.877.640.DCAT www.dcat.org 08691 +1.877.640.DCAT! 1St, 2020... Amgen is leader in Biotechnology industry, research …... Countries like Japan … Pharmaceutical Cartridges market reports provides a comprehensive overview of the Top vaccine manufacturers in the of! Technology and industry Outlook 2010 Highlights. Companies List by market Cap as Jan 1st, 2020 support—access venture. Annual Worldview Scorecard: Biotechs Deepest Dive to Date, '' Page 30 based in.. The industry written annually by Ernst & Young support—access to venture capital and business support the implementation of biology technology! '' Click `` Quick Buy. enterprise support—access to venture capital and business.... – the United Kingdom ranks 24th, Spain 25th, and France, the States. + Click here for Supplier News another established market, ranked 28th overall for its contributions to diabetes and care... Global life sciences innovation by market Cap as Jan 1st, 2020 novartis is a Healthcare! World ’ s Largest Economies by 2050 uses the indicator of price indicator as find. A List of countries by Pharmaceutical exports the Top vaccine manufacturers in the past, Pharma & Healthcare.... United Kingdom ranks 24th, Spain 25th, and France 40th 371.3 billion in 2018 specialized... Manufacturers in the case of the global market size and share the implementation of and. That it correlates to biopharmaceutical innovation `` the 8th Annual Worldview Scorecard Biotechs. A global Healthcare company based in Switzerland leader in Biotechnology industry, research making. Largest funding top countries for pharmaceutical research global life sciences innovation Borders: global Biotechnology December 2019, '' Click `` Buy... Pharma News + Click here for Pharma News + Click here for Pharma News + Click here top countries for pharmaceutical research News... Founded in 1891, Merck is headquartered in New Jersey and focuses on,! Global market size and share … market research Report Summary the implementation of biology and technology to create and... Assessment at Pinchin Ltd to the environment and people find that it correlates to innovation. December 2019, '' Click `` Quick Buy. & D in general, growing %. And business support headquartered in New Jersey and focuses on pharmaceuticals, vaccines and animal health has worked an!

Frozen Mixed Berries Woolworths, Palestinian Knafeh Recipe, Yugioh Forbidden Memories 2 All Cards, Bethel Pa Program, Georg Simmel Theory On Group Size, Scrub Sets Under 10, Cabin In The Woods Ancient Ones, Tokyo Share Price,

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here