He alone was designated as the foundation of the Church. "I acknowledge everyone who is united with the See of Peter" (Ep. If it could in any way be false, an evident contradiction follows; for then God Himself would be the author of error in man. But it is obvious that nothing can be communicated amongst men save by means of external things which the senses can perceive. Certainly Christ is a King for ever; and though invisible, He continues unto the end of time to govern and guard His church from Heaven. Therefore God confided His Church to Peter so that he might safely guard it with his unconquerable power. As a pledge of Divine grace, and as a token of Our affection, We lovingly impart to you, in the Lord, Venerable Brethren, to your clergy and people, Our Apostolic Blessing. And as in animals the vital principle is unseen and invisible, and is evidenced and manifested by the movements and action of the members, so the principle of supernatural life in the Church is clearly shown in that which is done by it. he hath received the keys of the heavenly kingdom-the power of binding and loosing is conferred upon him: the care of the whole government of the Church is confided to him" (Epist. The Kind of Unity in Faith Commanded by Christ. Those who acknowledge Christ must acknowledge Him wholly and entirely. Affari vos | Store; Resources; The Angelus; Conferences; Support/Contact; Donate; Blog; Store. Caritatis | 1. Can the Apostolic College be said to have been above its master in authority? Venerable Brethren, Health, and Benediction. "It is not congruous that two superiors with equal authority should be placed over the same flock; but that two, one of whom is higher than the other, should be placed over the same people is not incongruous. 74). und datiert vom 29. x., 38). These things enable us to see the heavenly ideal, and the divine exemplar, of the constitution of the Christian commonwealth, namely: When the Divine founder decreed that the Church should be one in faith, in government, and in communion, He chose Peter and his successors as the principle and centre, as it were, of this unity. Paterna caritas | Hence, as it is clear that God absolutely willed that there should be unity in His Church, and as it is evident what kind of unity He willed, and by means of what principle He ordained that this unity should be maintained, we may address the following words of St. Augustine to all who have not deliberately closed their minds to the truth: "When we see the great help of God, such manifest progress and such abundant fruit, shall we hesitate to take refuge in the bosom of that Church, which, as is evident to all, possesses the supreme authority of the Apostolic See through the Episcopal succession? To refuse to the Church the primacy is most impious and above measure arrogant. And faith itself - that is assent given to the first and supreme truth - though residing essentially in the intellect, must be manifested by outward profession-"For with the heart we believe unto justice, but with the mouth confession is made unto salvation" (Rom. Encyclical: Satis Cognitum. SATIS COGNITUM ENCYCLICAL OF POPE LEO XIII ON THE UNITY OF THE CHURCH . "There is one God, and one Christ; and His Church is one and the faith is one; and one the people, joined together in the solid unity of the body in the bond of concord. And for a like reason St. Augustine publicly attests that, "the primacy of the Apostolic chair always existed in the Roman Church" (Ep. He has cut himself off from the promises of the Church, and he who leaves the Church of Christ cannot arrive at the rewards of Christ....He who observes not this unity observes not the law of God, holds not the faith of the Father and the Son, clings not to life and salvation" (S. Cyprianus, De Cath. Leo XIII. 4. Spesse volte | "All power is given to Me in Heaven and in earth. in Joan., part iii., cap. Depuis le jour | If you want a clear and concise explanation of these principles, Satis Cognitum is the place to begin. . If you had a beneficent friend, whom you honoured daily - and even once calumniated his spouse, would you ever enter his house? 9). Vi è ben noto, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Satis_cognitum&oldid=206304283, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. campum translation in Latin-English dictionary. The head, Christ: from whom the whole body, being compacted and fitly jointed together, by what every joint supplieth according to the operation in the measure of every part" (Eph. Find more Latin words at wordhippo.com! Enzyklika. And, when He had invoked upon them from Heaven the Spirit of Truth, He bade them go through the whole world and faithfully preach to all nations, what He had taught and what He had commanded, so that by the profession of His doctrine, and the observance of His laws, the human race might attain to holiness on earth and never-ending happiness in Heaven. Satis cognitum ist eine Enzyklika von Papst Leo XIII. xii., n. ii). The heavenly doctrine of Christ, although for the most part committed to writing by divine inspiration, could not unite the minds of men if left to the human intellect alone. It is higher than the heavens and wider than the earth. Hence the teaching of Cyprian, that heresy and schism arise and are begotten from the fact that due obedience is refused to the supreme authority. Satis cognitum is an encyclical of Pope Leo XIII dated 29 June 1896 on the unity of the Church, and some heresies of his time. Judged by such a criterion it is the unity of the Church which must be principally considered; and of this, for the general good, it has seemed useful to speak in this Encyclical. When He was about to ascend into Heaven He left us, as it were, a vice-gerent of His love....and so because Peter alone of all others professes his love he is preferred to all-that being the most perfect he should govern the more perfect" (S. Ambrosius, Exposit. "There is nothing more grievous than the sacrilege of schism....there can be no just necessity for destroying the unity of the Church" (S. Augustinus, Contra Epistolam Parmeniani, lib. And, therefore, it was no more allowable to repudiate one iota of the Apostles' teaching than it was to reject any point of the doctrine of Christ Himself. Which sheep? Origen writes: "As often as the heretics allege the possession of the canonical scriptures, to which all Christians give unanimous assent, they seem to say: `Behold the word of truth is in the houses.' The Lord saith to Peter: 'I say to thee thou art Peter'; on him alone He buildeth His Church; and although after His Resurrection He gives a similar power to all the Apostles and says: 'As the Father hath sent me,' &c., still in order to make the necessary unity clear, by His own authority He laid down the source of that unity as beginning from one" (De Unit. Moreover, he who is set over the whole flock must have authority, not only over the sheep dispersed throughout the Church, but also when they are assembled together. 9. "Christ constituted [Peter] not only pastor, but pastor of pastors; Peter therefore feeds the lambs and feeds the sheep, feeds the children and feeds the mothers, governs the subjects and rules the prelates, because the lambs and the sheep form the whole of the Church" (S. Brunonis Episcopi Signiensis Comment. But, as we have already said, the Apostolic mission was not destined to die with the Apostles themselves, or to come to an end in the course of time, since it was intended for the people at large and instituted for the salvation of the human race. The Church, therefore, is bound to communicate without stint to all men, and to transmit through all ages, the salvation effected by Jesus Christ, and the blessings flowing there from. And God makes known their divine mission by numerous miracles. Thou art he to whom the keys were given. Amongst these the most worthy of Our chief consideration is Unity. It is not sufficient for the due preservation of the unity of the faith that the head should merely have been charged with the office of superintendent, or should have been invested solely with a power of direction. "We think that this difference exists between heresy and schism" (writes St. Jerome): "heresy has no perfect dogmatic teaching, whereas schism, through some Episcopal dissent, also separates from the Church" (S. Hieronymus, Comment. He who increased the Church in all the earth, and proclaimed it to be stronger than the heavens, gave to a mortal man all power in Heaven when He handed him the Keys" (S. Johannes Chrysostomus, Hom. Catholicae ecclesiae | 368-369. "The safety of the Church depends on the dignity of the chief priest, to whom if an extraordinary and supreme power is not given, there are as many schisms to be expected in the Church as there are priests" (S. Hieronymus, Dialog, contra Luciferianos, n. 9). In the same way Maximus the Abbot teaches that obedience to the Roman Pontiff is the proof of the true faith and of legitimate communion. "For the pronouncement of Our Lord Jesus Christ saying: 'Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church,' &c., cannot be passed over. But he who dissents even in one point from divinely revealed truth absolutely rejects all faith, since he thereby refuses to honour God as the supreme truth and the formal motive of faith. Hence those remarkable expressions of the ancients concerning St. Peter, which most clearly set forth the fact that he was placed in the highest degree of dignity and authority. But since the Church is such by divine will and constitution, such it must uniformly remain to the end of time. Quam religiosa | 2 (Ein Text von Bischof Donald J. Sanborn aus dem Jahr 1991:) Unter denjenigen, die den Reformen des II. Union with the Roman See of Peter is to him always the public criterion of a Catholic. i., cap. "The Apostles were appointed by Christ to preach the Gospel to us. Wherefore Jesus Christ bade all men, present and future, follow Him as their leader and Saviour; and this, not merely as individuals, but as forming a society, organized and united in mind. And since all Christians must be closely united in the communion of one immutable faith, Christ the Lord, in virtue of His prayers, obtained for Peter that in the fulfilment of his office he should never fall away from the faith. James i., 17) - from Him, namely, who alone "gives the increase" (I Cor. x., 17). Officio sanctissimo | cognita, neut. Letzterer erklärt darin, daß es im Bereich des Glaubens nicht möglich ist, auf dieselbe Weise wie im Bereich der Politik, zu einer brüderlichen Einheit zu gelangen. cognitus: cognitus (Latin) Origin & history Perfect passive participle of cognōscō ("know, recognise"). – Satis Cognitum An der Wurzel aller Auseinandersetzungen: Wo ist die Kirche? Yea, it is called the kingdom which God has raised up and which will stand for ever. The Apostles received a mission to teach by visible and audible signs, and they discharged their mission only by words and acts which certainly appealed to the senses. The Church is typified not only as an edifice but as a Kingdom, and every one knows that the keys constitute the usual sign of governing authority. Wherefore as no heresy can ever be justifiable, so in like manner there can be no justification for schism. "For the Church, as the edifice of Christ who has wisely built 'His house upon a rock,' cannot be conquered by the gates of Hell, which may prevail over any man who shall be off the rock and outside the Church, but shall be powerless against it" (Ibid.). Satis Cognitum and the SSPX - Part 2 By Tradical. But since it is obviously most in harmony with God's providence that no one should have confided to him a great and important mission unless he were furnished with the means of properly carrying it out, for this reason Christ promised that He would send the Spirit of Truth to His Disciples to remain with them for ever. Joan., tract xviii., cap. Die Dogmatische Konstitution „Lumen gentium“ bildet das wichtigste Ergebnis dieser Beratungen. Joan., lib. "Heresies and schisms have no other origin than that obedience is refused to the priest of God, and that men lose sight of the fact that there is one judge in the place of Christ in this world" (Epist. The Church, therefore, as we have said, is man's guide to whatever pertains to Heaven. xi., in Epist. Therefore, as they defend with all necessary care and vigilance their own authority, so they have always laboured, and will continue to labour, that the authority of the bishops may be upheld. And He is clearly still speaking of the Church, which a short time before He had called His own, and which He declared He wished to build on Peter as a foundation. "If I do not the works of my Father, believe Me not" (John x., 37). What Christ has said of Himself We may truly repeat of Ourselves: "Other sheep I have that are not of this fold: them also I must bring and they shall hear my voice" (John x., 16). In vain do heretics rage round it; they are condemned partly by the judgment of the people themselves, partly by the weight of councils, partly by the splendid evidence of miracles. Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O LORD God of truth. For this reason the Church is so often called in Holy Writ a body, and even the body of Christ - "Now you are the body of Christ" (I Cor. Constanti Hungarorum | Militantis ecclesiae | iii., n. 2). In like manner were condemned all authors of heretical tenets who followed them in subsequent ages. And many people shall go, and say: Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, and to the House of the God of Jacob, and He will teach us His ways, and we will walk in His paths" (Ibid., ii., 2-3). Entries with "cognitus" quaint: …queinte et al., Old French cointe ("pretty, clever, knowing"), from Latin cognitus, past participle of cognōscō ("I know"). For, since Jesus Christ delivered Himself up for the salvation of the human race, and to this end directed all His teaching and commands, so He ordered the Church to strive, by the truth of its doctrine, to sanctify and to save mankind. cognitum) known (from…. SATIS COGNITUM. "In many things they are with me, in a few things not with me; but in those few things in which they are not with me the many things in which they are will not profit them" (S. Augustinus in Psal. That is, in it (the Church), all who wished to be the sons of God by adoption might attain to the perfection demanded by their high calling, and might obtain salvation. To this end He established in the Church all principles which necessarily tend to make organized human societies, and through which they attain the perfection proper to each. "For there is no other name under Heaven given to men whereby we must be saved" (Acts iv., 12). We have already given the full text of this late encyclical, but it may be well lo give our readers also a condensed view of the subject, with its divisions and principal ideas. lxxxvi. LEO XIII "SATIS COGNITUM" 1. And he replies unhesitatingly and at once, "Because he was pre-eminent among the Apostles, the mouthpiece of the Disciples, and the head of the college" (Hom. xxxi). Quod auctoritate | Paternae | And so Hilary: "Christ teaching from the ship signifies that those who are outside the Church can never grasp the divine teaching; for the ship typifies the Church where the word of life is deposited and preached. God confided His Church to Peter so that he does not designate some, but is ever of. By some supreme authority to which all Christ 's sheep must betake themselves, thou thy! Public criterion of a foundation is to be regarded as the Latin Mass very being immovable! Müsse begreifbar und sichtbar gestaltet werden on it as so many passive instruments it continues mission... Whatsoever he commands, he says, `` can not possibly cohere with the Roman faith can be absurd... 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